• After the child’s Indivudalized Education Program (IEP) has been developed, the placement in which the IEP will be implemented is determined. In determining the educational placement of a child with a disability, including a preschool child with a disability, the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) regulations require that each public agency must ensure that the placement decision is made by a group of persons, including the parents, and other persons knowledgeable about the child, the meaning of the evaluation data, and the placement options; and is made in conformity with the least restrictive environment (LRE) provisions, including 34 C.F.R. §§ 300.114 through 300.118. See 34 C.F.R. § 300.116(a).

    Each Local Education Agency (LEA) must ensure that— (i) To the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities, including children in public or private institutions or other care facilities, are educated with children who are nondisabled; and (ii) Special classes, separate schooling, or other removal of children with disabilities from the regular educational environment occurs only if the nature or severity of the disability is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily.

    Inclusion is not specifically defined in the law, but is supported through the equal opportunity and least restrictive environment mandates.  Together, these requirements support inclusion in three areas:  placement of the child with children who do not have disabilities, access to the standard educational or developmental curriculum, and participation in typical non-academic activities. 

    Inclusive education can be defined as the practice of educating all  students, regardless of any challenges they may have, in age-appropriate general education classes to receive high-quality instruction, interventions, and supports that enable them to be successful in their enrolled grade-level curriculum. The school and classrooms operate on the premise that students with disabilities are as fundamentally competent as students without disabilities. Therefore, all students are full participants in the classrooms by intentionally promoting participation in all learning and social activities, facilitated by individualized accommodations and/or modifications; and using evidence-based services and supports to foster their development (cognitive, language, communication, physical, behavioral, and social-emotional). This applies to all  children with disabilities, from those with the mildest disabilities, to those with the most significant disabilities. 

    Some students, like students with a disability or diverse learning needs, are at greater risk of being excluded – so inclusion is all about making sure this does not happen. In an inclusive school:

    • All students are welcomed and belong.
    • Differences are understood and respected.
    • Students support each other to do their best.
    • The physical and learning environment is accessible.
    • Everyone is committed to an inclusive school and society.

    Successful inclusive education happens primarily through accepting, understanding, and attending to student differences and diversity, which can include physical, cognitive, academic, social, and emotional.

    Region One ESC provides instructional supports and technical assistance through the Special Education Program to help area public school districts and charter schools to implement inclusive practices.  Educators and administrators receive little to no-cost support that includes onsite and virtual trainings, guidance, and technical assistance and information sharing about resources to help all children be successful in the general education curriculum. Information about assessment and other support agencies is also provided.

    Region One ESC offers these supports from this website, delivers training and hosts meetings at our three offices (Edinburg, Laredo, and Brownsville) and will meet with you and provide supports at your location.

    Contact Diana Saenz at dsaenz@esc1.net or 956-984-6129 to learn more. 

  • Diana Saenz, M.Ed.
    Special Education Specialist-
    (956) 984-6129







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Last Modified on August 22, 2022